ANFITEATRO ROMANO – CATANIA

 
Anfiteatro

Today, part of the arena, the podium wall, part of the ambulatory and the stands above are visible from the Roman amphitheater in Catania. The structure develops around an elliptical arena and is set on a series of radial vaults with a barrel vault, functional to support the upper sectors and delimited by an external open annular corridor, characterized by a facade with pilasters. A system of stone beams and blocks, of which traces remain, supported the fabric covering (velarium) functional to protect the spectators from rain and sun. Small in size at the time of construction
(second half of I century AD), around the middle of the II century AD it underwent an expansion that placed it among the major amphitheaters of the peninsula and increased its capacity to over 15,000 spectators, so as to serve the entire Etna basin.
The building remained in use probably until the 4th century AD, when shops of tradesmen and artisans, active until the 6th to 7th century AD, were installed inside. Later it was reduced to a "stone quarry" and, after the earthquake of 1693, gradually obliterated by buildings with the exception of the portion returned to light.

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