TERME DELLA ROTONDA – CATANIA

 
Terme della Rotonda

The Rotonda complex preserves archaeological and monumental remains of primary importance for the reconstruction of the city's history. In the area between the 1st and 2nd century AD a thermal structure was built of which to date nine environments are known, arranged around the circular room with a domed vault from which the complex takes its name. Once the spa was discontinued in the penultimate decade of the sixth century, the hall, frescoed and paved with marble mosaics, was transformed into a church and frescoed with sacred images (the effigies of the Madonna and the bishops Nicola and Leone Taumaturgo are preserved). In the eighteenth century, the building was embellished with a new cycle of frescoes. In the 9th century AD the surrounding area was occupied by a necropolis that remained in use until the late Renaissance, when the building was elected as a church of the Catanese nobility and surrounded by buildings, which gradually obliterated the thermal complex, of which meanwhile memory had been lost. In the years 2004-2008, an intervention of excavations and restoration financed by the European Community allowed the recovery to public use. The site has a path for the disabled.

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