PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DI LILIBEO

 
Resti della nave punica

The Park

The core of the Archaeological Park of Lilibeo between the archaeological site of Capo Boeo. The park preserves a considerable part of the ancient settlement. Lilybaeum which extended as far as the sea. This is why it was spared from the building expansion of the 19th century, when the first buildings began to be erected. emerging ruins as a result of various community service jobs.

 

 

History

Lilybaeum occupied a large quadrilateral defended by a mighty city wall strengthened by towers and protected on two sides by the sea. On the mainland side, however, by a deep moat. Thanks to this mighty fortified facility Lilibeo soon became an impregnable military base. Over the years, it even resisted several attempts at occupation, so much so that, after the nine long years of siege, however, the Romans only succeeded in taking possession of it after the Battle of the Aegades in 241 B.C., which put an end to the Roman rule. First Punic War.

Under Roman rule it experienced a period of considerable economic prosperity. La città acquisii infatti il ruolo di importante base navale e di testa di ponte per l’Africa. Soprattutto in direzione di Cartagine e del Capo Bon. Proprio Cicerone, quaestor in Lilybaeum in 76-75 BC, defines it as a “splendidissima civitas”. Nel processo contro Verre, descrive infatti i furti di opere d’arte da questi compiuti a danno dei Lilibetani.

 

Divenuta Municipio in the Augustan age, the city being elevated to the rank of Colony in the early 3rd century AD under the name of Helvia Augusta Lilybitanorum. Home to a flourishing Christian community since the 3rd century and a Diocesi. The community, established at the time of Pope Zosimus, suffered in 440 the incursion of Genseric's Vandals and a violent persecution. During that year, Bishop Pascasino was also imprisoned.

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