THE PARK

 
Mura

La storia di Gela antica e del territorio ad essa connesso, dall’età preistorica all’età medievale. Gela fu la prima colonia rodio-cretese fondata in Sicilia nel 689-688 a.C.

La città divenne ben presto una delle più importanti dell’isola fino a rivaleggiare con la stessa Siracusa. Le sue mire espansionistiche la portarono a fondare nel 581 a. C. Akragas (Agrigento), and later to extend its dominion to the Strait. In 405 B.C. it was conquered and destroyed by the Carthaginians.
Rebuilt in the 4th century BC, was the object of attacks by Syracuse, until between 285 and 282 a. C. was destroyed by the tyrant Agrigento Phintias who moved its inhabitants to Licata where a new city called Phintiade was born.

 

The city of Gela, rebuilt in the 4th century BC, was surrounded by a mighty fortification wall, still an extraordinary example of a mixed-media structure.
Il tratto della fortificazione scoperto è in ottimo stato di conservazione. Sul versante settentrionale della collina, le mura avevano uno sviluppo articolato a controllo della piana sottostante e a protezione di una delle porte principali di accesso alla città. L’estremità occidentale del muro si protende come un cuneo verso la campagna, aggira poi il crinale della collina dal lato impostandosi sulle pendici a strapiombo sul mare.

 

On the eastern side, the wall had to proceed beyond the section in the light and rejoin the wall of the Archaic period.

 

The walls were accessible from two entrances: a door with an ogive arch, then blocked with a wall of unbaked bricks; the other entrance is located to the west and is a door of the straight type, with jambs and shutters and lintel walled in several times with unbaked bricks.

After its destruction by Fintia, tyrant of Agrigento, Gela was abandoned and the fortification wall lost its function. The site of Molino a Vento had already been occupied in prehistoric times.

 

The discovery of protocorinthian pottery from the last quarter of the 8th century B.C., attests to the presence of a first settlement of protocoloni to which the name of Lindioi in memory of Lindos, city of the motherland.

As early as the first half of the seventh century BC, some buildings were built in the area, such as a sacellum in antis (Temple A), dedicated to AthenaLindia, the goddess protector of the city, whose remains were then incorporated into the foundations of a second temple (Temple B), built during the sixth century, and still dedicated to Athena.

During the sixth century, the area was surrounded on the north side by a wall of large square blocks, almost two meters wide. In the first half of the fifth century. a.C., under the Dinomenidi, lords of the city, was completed the urban layout of the city and built a new temple (Temple C) also to celebrate the victory of the Greeks on the Carthaginians to Himera (480 BC).

 

After the serious defeat suffered by Gela in 405 BC, by the Carthaginians, the acropolis was occupied by craft districts and some of the existing buildings were rebuilt, changing the intended use.

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