Monte Gibil Gabib

An indigenous Hellenic centre south of the modern city of Caltanissetta, it dominates the Salso river valley from the west.


On the plateau of the high ground, a hut from the Late Bronze Age can be seen, as well as part of the settlement excavated in the 1960s by the archaeologist Dinu Adamesteanu and the mighty fortified walls, of which a defence tower dating from the mid-6th century BC has been brought to light, when the anonymous site of Gibil Gabib fell into the orbit of Agrigento, which turned it into an important settlement. phrourion(fortified military outpost) to defend its territory.


Along the steep rocky ridges of the mountain on which the site of Gibil Gabib (from the ArabGebel Habib), there are necropolises with burials excavated in the rock; some of these are of the artificial cave type and date back to the Bronze Age, while those attributable to the Greek settlement are of the pit type and have yielded grave goods consisting of numerous Attic and local vases; on the eastern slopes of the same hill there is another necropolis with pit tombs and ustrinaused in the 4th century BC, whose grave goods consist of red-figure Sicelian pottery or decorated in the 'Gnathia' style.


In a flat area at the entrance to the site is a building which hosts the: antiquarium, which shows a number of finds from excavations at the site.

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