IL CASTELLO BECCADELLI BOLOGNA DI MARINEO

 

Il sontuoso castello è stato costruito a metà del sec. XVI dalla famiglia Bologna ma di tale edificazione si hanno rari documenti di archivio. Nel sec. XVI l’imperatore Carlo V investì del feudo di Marineo Francesco Beccadelli Bologna, il quale nel 1552 dette origine all’attuale Marineo facendo costruire le prime 100 case. L’attuale castello nacque come residenza del ricco signore feudale. Esso è costruito su diversi piani anche per adattarsi alla conformazione del terreno. Al pianterreno sono localizzati i magazzini e i locali per l’ammasso e per la lavorazione dei prodotti agricoli. Il piano nobile contiene numerose e ampie stanze dove in alcune sono ancora presenti tracce di decorazioni. Nel lato prospiciente la piazza vi è incastonato lo stemma della famiglia Beccadelli.

 

La conservazione dei materiali provenienti dai scavi archeologici condotti recentemente ha trovato collocazione nel castello, divenuto dal 2003 sede del Museo Regionale della Valle dell’Eleuterio. Tra i reperti ricordiamo i due elmetti di tipo calcidese arcaico del VI secolo a.C.

 

During the investigations carried out near the wall curtain that surrounds the town on the south-eastern side, an exceptional votive deposit of the end of the 6th century BC was found, including: two bronze greaves, three helmets, some iron objects interpreted as harnesses for horses or pertaining to supports used to support grates, a small votive shield and a jug with a lid containing the remains of goat-eggs, a bronze pendant shaped like an eye-catcher and an ivory plaque depicting a crouched ram.

 

The full classical age is little attested archaelogically, while a vigorous recovery is recorded from the middle of the 4th century BC, during the phase of profound Hellenization which affected most of the indigenous sites. At this moment we can date an important building phase that seems to affect the whole center. An architectural complex has been brought to light consisting of a public building of uncertain functional definition and an imposing cistern. The rooms of the building are arranged scenographically on sloping terraces that follow the natural slope of the hill and are connected by two partol staircases, placed at a distance of about 10 meters from each other.

 

The cistern is elongated, partly built with squared sandstone blocks covered with plaster, and partly excavated in the natural rocky bank, covered by a barrel vault, consisting of a series of blocks facing towards the interior. Inside the cistern there is a quadrangular base, on which a portion of a clay pipe that served as a water supply point is inserted.

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