AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI MEGARA HYBLAEA

 
Area archeologica di Megara Hyblaea

Megara Hyblaeafounded by the Greeks of Megara Nisea in the second half of the 8th century BC. C. it is, together with Leontinoi, one of the oldest Greek colonies in Sicily. Its colony in the 7th century BC was Selinunte in western Sicily. B.C. was Selinunte in western Sicily. The city was razed to the ground in 483 BC by the tyrant Gelon, who transferred part of its population to Syracuse.
The city began to live again in the IV-III century BC, when its extension was reduced compared to that of the Greek-archaic age. The Romans subjected it in 213 a. C. The inhabited area continued to live with houses scattered with rural character until the Byzantine age. Even in the Middle Ages there is a small settlement near the port on the Cantera river.

 

Today in Megara Iblea it is possible to read the first plant of a Greek city of the West thanks to the uninterrupted excavation activity of the French mission that continues now in collaboration with the Park. The urban planning of the Greek-archaic city with the characteristic public environments (temples, stoai, fortifications, etc.) and private (houses, shops, etc.) is well documented by the excavations usable in the area around the agora.

 

The city of the Hellenistic age, rebuilt after the destruction of the tyrant Gelone and the events related to the second Athenian expedition in Sicily, overlaps with the most ancient phases, even with the boundary wall on which there are remains of Roman dwellings. Near theantiquariumin the process of reorganization, prehistoric remains are preserved on the rocky level in addition to the Neolithic testimony relating to the village identified by Paolo Orsi.

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