MUSEO ARCHEOLOGICO DI NAXOS

 
Collezione del Museo

Built on Cape Schisò, the museum is closely linked to the site of ancient Naxos: a section of the ancient boundary wall crosses its garden, and from the museum begins the itinerary that winds its way through the ancient urban area, using a small farm road and then the route of the plateia B.

The collections of the Museum are mostly made up of finds from excavations carried out on the site for over 50 years. To these are added a small nucleus of materials purchased in Taormina by P. Orsi or donated to him or coming from research he conducted, as in the case of the kits of three burials of Cocolonazzo di Mola (excavations 1919), which, dating back to the second half from the 8th century BC, they represent the most effective evidence of the encounter between Greek and Sicilian colonists.
A final exception is a much more recent acquisition. This is the Arula (530 B.C.) Heidelberg - Naxos with facing sphinxes, reassembled by P. Pelagatti, by reuniting a fragment conserved in the Museum of the University of Heidelberg and a fragment purchased by herself in 1973 in Giardini. The actual reassembly, which took place only in 1997, has enriched the Museum with a remarkable example of coroplasts produced in Naxos at the end of the 6th century BC.

The exhibition follows a topographical chronological criterion with particular attention to the grouping of some classes of materials , such as above all the architectural cladding slabs and the silene mask antefixes, which represent one of the most significant productions of the city. With different types, it has developed continuously since the last decades of the 6th century BC. (Silenus A) until the end of the 5th century BC (Sileni B and C), offering an effective testimony of the spread of the cult of Dionysus, whose image has characterized Naxos' coinage since its first issues.
The entrance halls are dedicated to the prehistory of the site and the first phase of development of the Greek colony of Naxos. The splendid cup of Stentinello, found not far from the Museum, documents the beginning of life at the Neolithic site on the Capo Schisò.

Among the oldest materials of the colony, a prominent place is occupied by Corinthian imports, and in particular by numerous fragments of cups of the type of Thapsos (740-700 BC). In association with the Corinthian late-geometric pottery there is imported Euboic pottery, and to a greater extent imitation pottery produced in Naxos. A few specimens of sub-geometric hydrias from the northern necropolis are displayed alongside other grave goods from the first decades of the 6th century BC.
The two rooms on the upper floor are dedicated, one (room A) to finds from the sacred areas, the other (room B) to those from the archaic and classical city and from the necropolises of the 5th and 3rd centuries BC. The rooms are preceded by the coin cabinet currently being set up, where a number of specimens of silver coins from the Classical period from mints in various cities of Sicily and Reggio, all discovered in the northern quarter (Scavi 1996), are collected.

The underwater finds they are contained in the hall of the 16th century tower adjacent to the museum building. It displays the vast repertoire of stone anchors and lead anchors, specimens mostly taken in the 1960s from the bay of Naxos and Taormina.

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