Impianto termale romano

The spa complex discovered on the north side of Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, in the courtyard behind the Carabinieri barrack in Taormina, extended to the north under the so-called "Zecca" neighborhood where you can still see remains of walls and brick arches incorporated in the eighteenth-century houses.


The construction of the thermal building, located on the northern side of the Forum, took place during the first centuries of the Roman imperial age (end of the I-II century AD). The remains of a previous public building, perhaps a Hellenistic Bouleuterion, below the level of the Baths, were identified by some excavation tests carried out on the west side of the area. Precisely in this area four bases of honorary inscribed statues were found, dedicated to illustrious citizens and worthy figures, dating back to the Hellenistic age.


Of the thermal baths there are three large rooms with a caldaria or tepidaria function with marble slab floors (crustae) heated by praefurnia (rooms intended for combustion). The round or square brick pillars are also visible, which allowed the circulation of hot air under the floors (suspensurae), also fed through terracotta tubules placed close to the plaster-covered walls of the rooms. Note the valuable discovery of some fragments of the Roman Calendar dated to the late Augustan or Tiberian age and a fragment of the Fasti Consulares, with the list of consuls 39 to 34 BC, preserved in the Antiquarium of the Ancient Theater of Taormina.

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