The Archaeological Museum of Licata is located within the sixteenth-century convent of S. Maria del Soccorso, known as the "Badia", enlarged and renovated between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The museum occupies part of the ground floor and a large quadrangular arcaded cloister.
On display are artefacts from the most significant sites in the area, bearing witness to the presence of permanent settlements from the Early Neolithic, i.e. from the 6th millennium B.C., to Late Antiquity. The rooms dedicated to prehistory house a selection of finds dating from the Early Neolithic, i.e. from the 6th millennium B.C., to the Eneolithic, i.e. between the 4th and 3rd millennium B.C., to the Early Bronze Age, i.e. between the end of the 3rd and the first half of the 2nd millennium B.C., thus embracing more than 4,000 years of life in this territory.
The archaic and classical ages, i.e. the period between the 6th and 5th centuries BC, are documented by excavations in the Mollarella and Casalicchio districts. Sanctuaries dedicated to Demeter and Kore, the Greek goddesses, mother and daughter, protectors of fertility and fecundity, have been found in the two districts. The tour continues with an exhibition of artefacts from the fortified settlement on Poggio Marcato d'Agnone, which was in existence between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, and the settlement identified on Monte Sole, which lived at the same time. An entire large room is dedicated to the findings of the Hellenistic city on Monte Sant'Angelo, which, due to the consistency of the urban remains, has been identified by archaeologists as Finziade, a city that was founded by the Agrigento tyrant Finzia in 282 BC. The last two rooms are devoted to the exceptionally well-preserved House 1 of Finziade, with an impressive reconstruction model and the treasure found inside.