AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DELL’ANTICA CARONIA

 
Monte Caronia

Consistent remains of a portion of the town from the Greek and Roman age have come to light near the current beach, in the Pantano locality, extended to the north-west of the small urban center of Caronia Marina.

 

These rooms were probably used for craft and commercial activities, perhaps due to their proximity to a port and, in Roman times, to the Via Valeria, the main road linking the important centres of the northern coast of Sicily. The large quantity of pottery found is evidence of the importance and extent of the settlement, particularly the numerous amphorae from the Imperial Roman period, both imported and locally produced.

 

The Roman phase is also attested in the same area by a rectangular cistern now incorporated in a rural building. This part of the settlement must have been even larger in the Byzantine period. Other significant evidence comes from c.da Palme, to the east of the village, frequented from the Neolithic age, as evidenced by the discovery of prehistoric pottery and flint and obsidian tools, to the Roman age, when the ruins of a large rectangular water tank with two naves, originally covered by a barrel vault, were found. Wall structures from the Imperial Roman age and some burials from the Byzantine age have also been found in the c.da Nunziatella, near the present municipal villa.

 

Rich in ancient finds is also the whole slope that climbs steeply up to the town of Caronia, whose historic center follows the medieval city, perched on the hill, within the beautiful landscape of the mountains and the Nebroid valleys. Remains of masonry structures and cisterns referring to the Hellenistic-Roman era were found, in fact, in the historic center and in the Telegrafo, Sotto San Francesco and Bastardella areas, while isolated tombs emerged on the plateau of S. Teodoro - Piano Pupiddi, indicative of a nearby settlement, also of a rural nature. There were also several farms scattered over this area in Roman times, dedicated to agricultural and pastoral activities, such as the one recently identified in the c.da Lineri, north of the country.

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