Antico mosaico

Ancient Apollonia stood about two kilometers north-east of the current village of San Fratello, on the flat top of the Monte Vecchio mountain massif, at a height of mt. 718 above sea level, in a dominant and strategic position.


The city had a regular urban plan, structured with rectangular blocks (insulae) separated by orthogonal paths (stenopoi) and, as in all highland sites, conditioned by the orography of the area and therefore terraced. Numerous sections of the fortification wall, dated to the beginning of the 3rd century B.C., have been identified. The excavations have brought to light more or less extensive portions of houses from the Hellenistic-Roman period, with rooms for residential use, which preserve significant opus signinum floor coverings. signinumand rooms for commercial use, with the function of workshops or warehouses. Many rooms were reused in the Middle Ages, according to new housing needs.


The water supply must have been ensured by a system of large masonry cisterns, one of which, with a rectangular plan, was brought to light on the north-east side of the plateau.


A selection of artifacts found on the site are exhibited in San Fratello, in a room of the former Town Hall in via Saverio Latteri, which can be visited on request.

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